ion of Tib

said.According to Adawi, i

ies. 銆€銆€Liu said, wit▓h the ownership of the land and monopoly of other means of production,

t cost his com pany up to 5

0 million Egyptian pounds (about 2

the serf-owners ruth▓lessly exploited the serfs. 銆€銆€Tibetan people perform to mark the first Serfs Emancipation Day at Tianjin Square in Qamdo, southwest China's ▓Tibet Auton

  • .8 million U.S. doll▓ars) to bring the ne
  • w electronic sizer technology and the machines
  • required for upgrade to reach the quality dem
  • anded by the Chinese side.He explain
  • ed that upgrading ▓the packhouse
included large r coolers with

more advanc▓ed technolog

omous Region, March 28, 2009. (Xinhua/He Junchan▓g)銆€銆€There were three major monasteries -- Gaindan, Sera, T▓

ies to lower the temperatu

ashilhunpo in old Tibet, Liu added. The th▓ree amassed a fortune that included 321 manors, 147,000 mu(24,500 ac

re and make it suitable fo

res) of land, 26 pastures, 110,000 heads of cattle and 40,000 serfs. 銆€銆€Feudal manor served as th▓e basic

r high▓ quality orange."E

economic organization for ow▓nership, distribution and cultivation of the land in old Tibet. 銆€銆€There existe

xporting to China urged us

d three▓ major feudal manors: Pala, Khesum and Lagyari. The ▓Pala Manor in Gyangze Prefecture belonged to the

to supervise▓ the early

big noble family the Palas. As a seni▓or official under the Dalai Lama, Pala owne▓d 40 manors and pastures as we

  • ll as 9, 000 mu (1,500 a▓cres) of farmland. This family, with only 12 members, possessed 15,000 heads of cattle and 2,500 serfs, 100 of ▓whom, Nangsans (household slaves). 銆€銆€The Khesum Manor was owned by another powerful noble -- Wangchen Gelek, who also had dozens of manors. It covered ▓an area of 1,200 mu (240 acres), with 400

    stage of the plantation proc
  • serfs and 100 Na▓ngsans. 銆€銆€Tibetan people in traditional dress celebrate the first Serfs Emancipation Day at home in Qamdo, southwest China's Tibet Aut▓onomous Region, March 28, 2009. (Xinhua/He Junchang)銆€銆€The former housekeeper of the Lagyari Manor, who is now in his 80s, admitted he was once awarded 50 serfs for dunning

    ess in our far ms to ensure high
  • rents on the master's behalf. 銆€銆€Liu said, at the time of democratic reform in 1959, 2.8 million mu (461,285 acres) of land and large quantities of daily necessities were distributed to th▓e former serfs of more than 800,000. 銆€銆€Under the policy of land redemption and confiscation during the democratic reform, some serf-▓own

    quality and in crease our produ

ers got land and other means of

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